The Literature

Below you will find connections to the various academic resources that are informing this study.

Many academic articles are available free. Some academic resources are available only through purchase or subscription. The University of Saskatchewan College of Nursing facilitates many of these subscriptions for its staff, students, and researchers. If you would like access to any of these articles and are asked to pay for them via the journal provider, please contact us using our contact links and we can facilitate providing a copy to you.

Key: coloUrs

Studies listed below with buttons highlighted in blue colour are free to read by following the buttons as indicated.

Studies listed below with buttons highlighted in red colour are not readily available to the public free; you can follow the link if you wish to see the abstract or purchase them. You can also get in touch with a researcher to find time to present you with a copy at the University of Saskatchewan campus at a convenient time.

The Literature
Evaluating the Quality of Medical Care

Avedis Donabedian

Older Persons’ Transitions in Care (OPTIC): a study protocol

Greta G Cummings, R Colin Reid, Carole A Estabrooks, Peter G Norton, Garnet E Cummings, Brian H Rowe, Stephanie L Abel, Laura Bissell, Joan L Bottorff, Carole A Robinson, Adrian Wagg, Jacques S Lee, Susan L Lynch, and Elmabrok Masaoud

Intended and Unintended Consequences of Minimum Staffing Standards for Nursing Homes

Min Chen, and David C Grabowski


Individual and organizational predictors of health care aide job satisfaction in long term care

Stephanie A. Chamberlain, Matthias Hoben, Janet E. Squires, and Carole A. Estabrooks 

Age-Ism: Another Form of Bigotry

Robert N. Butler

Self-Reported Ageism in Social Work Practitioners and Students

Priscilla D. Allen, Katie E. Cherry, and Erdman Palmore


Delivering Person-Centered Care: Important Preferences for Recipients of Long-term Services and Supports

Katherine Marie Abbott, Rachel Klumpp, Kendall Leser, Jane K Straker,  Gerald Gannod, and Kimberly Van Haitsma

The influence of individual and organizational factors on person-centred dementia care

Paulette V. Hunter, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Lilian Thorpe, Lisa M. Lix, and David C. Malloy

Strategies to reduce potentially avoidable hospitalisations among long-term care facility residents

Joseph Ouslander


Fractured Care: A Window Into Emergency Transitions in Care for LTC Residents With Complex Health Needs

Greta G. Cummings, Patrick McLane, R. Colin Reid, Kaitlyn Tate, Sarah L. Cooper, Brian H. Rowe, Carole A. Estabrooks, Garnet E. Cummings, Stephanie L. Abel, Jacques S. Lee, Carole A. Robinson, and Adrian Wagg

Supporting Successful and Sustainable Transitions into Long-Term Care for Older Adults with Responsive Behaviours/ Personal Expressions

Behavioural Supports Ontario

Agism and burnout among nurses in long-termcare facilities in Israel

Esther Iecovich, and Michal Avivi


Transforming emergency care for older adults

Ula Hwang, Manish N. Shah, Jin H. Han, Christopher R. Carpenter, Albert L. Siu, and James G. Adams

Emergency department transfers and hospital admissions from residential aged care facilities: a controlled pre-post design study

Carolyn Hullick, Jane Conway, Isabel Higgins, Jacqueline Hewitt, Sophie Dilworth, Elizabeth Holliday, and John Attia 

High rates of hospital admission among older residents in assisted living facilities: opportunities for intervention and impact on acute care

David B Hogan, Joseph E Amuah, Laurel A Strain, Walter P Wodchis, Andrea Soo, Misha Eliasziw, Andrea Gruneir, Brad Hagen, Gary Teare, and Colleen J Maxwell


Factors associated with increased hospitalisation risk among nursing home residents in Sweden: a prospective study with a three-year follow-up

Jenny Hallgren, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Sigvard Molstad, Carl JohanOstgren, Patrik Midlov, and Anna K. Dahl Aslan

Variation in Emergency Department Transfer Rates from Nursing Homes in Ontario, Canada

Andrea Gruneir, Susan E. Bronskill, Alice Newman, Chaim M. Bell, Peter Gozdyra, Geoffrey M. Anderson, and Paula A. Rochon

Who is Looking After Mom and Dad? Unregulated Workers in Canadian Long-Term Care Homes*

Carole A. Estabrooks,  Janet E. Squires, Heather L. Carleton, Greta G. Cummings, and Peter G. Norton


Figure 1: The life cycle of a research project and areas where PPI representatives can contribute to the processes that researchers are undertaking. GCP, good clinical practice; PPI, patient and public involvement.

N Moss, J Daru, D Lanz, S Thangaratinam, and KS Khan

Emergency Department Visit Rates and Patterns in Canada’s Vancouver Coastal Health Region *

Margaret J. McGregor, Kimberlyn M. McGrail, Riyad B. Abu-Laban, Lisa A. Ronald, Jennifer Baumbusch, Douglas Andrusiek, and Michelle B. Cox

A unique practice model for Nurse Practitioners in long-term care homes

Carrie A. McAiney, Dilys Haughton, Jane Jennings, Dave Farr, Loretta Hillier & Pat Morden


Effect of a Clinical Pathway to Reduce Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents With Pneumonia A Randomized Controlled Trial

Mark Loeb, Soo Chan Carusone, Ron Goeree, Stephen D. Walter, Kevin Brazil, Paul Krueger, Andrew Simor, Lorraine Moss, and Thomas Marrie

Quality of Life for Diverse Older Adults in Assisted Living: The Centrality of Control

Sharon D. Koehn, Atiya N. Mahmood and Sarah Stott-Eveneshen

Involvement in decisions about intravenous treatment for nursing home patients: nursing homes versus hospital wards

Kristin Klomstad, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Ford, and Maria Romoren


Transfer of nursing home residents to emergency departments: organizational differences between nursing homes with high vs. low transfer rates

Marie Kirsebom, Mariann Hedström, Ulrika Pöder, and Barbro Wadensten

Residents’ Self-Reported Quality of Life in Long-Term Care Facilities in Canada *

Vahe Kehyayan, John P. Hirdes, Suzanne L. Tyas, and Paul Stolee

How Well Do Current Measures Assess the Impact of Advance Care Planning on Concordance Between Patient Preferences for End-of-Life Care and the Care Received: A Methodological Review

Stephanie B. Johnson, Phyllis N. Butow, Ian Kerridge, Melanie L. Bell, and Martin H.N. Tattersal


Developing and testing a nursing home end -of -life care chart audit tool

Genevieve N. Thompson, Susan E. McClement, Nina Labun, and Kathleen Klaasen 

Determinants and Effects of Nurse Staffing Intensity and Skill Mix in Residential Care/Assisted Living Settings

Sally C. Stearns, Jeongyoung Park, Sheryl Zimmerman, Ann L. Gruber-Baldini, Thomas R. Konrad, and Philip D. Sloane

Trajectories of Quality of Life in Older Persons with Advanced Illness

Rachel Solomon, Paul Kirwin, Peter H. Van Ness, John O’Leary, and Terri R. Fried


The Changing Landscape of Continuing Care in Alberta: Staff and Resident Characteristics in Supportive Living and Long-Term Care

Susan E. Slaughter, C. Allyson Jones, Misha Eliasziw, Carla Ickert, Carole A. Estabrooks, and Adrian S. Wagg

Patient-centered medicine and patient-oriented research: improving health outcomes for individual patients

José A Sacristán

The Older Persons’ Transitions in Care (OPTIC) study: pilot testing of the transition tracking tool

Robert Colin Reid, Garnet E Cummings, Sarah L Cooper, Stephanie L Abel, Laura J Bissell, Carole A Estabrooks, Brian H Rowe, Adrian Wagg, Peter G Norton, Mike Ertel, and Greta G Cummings 


The quality of life in late-stage dementia (QUALID) scale

Myron Weiner, Kristen Martin-Cook, DA Svetlik, K Saine, B Foster, and C S Fontaine

Quality of Life in Late-Stage Dementia (QUALID) Scale

Toronto Long-Term Care Homes & Services

A Snapshot of Advance Directives in Long-Term Care: How Often Is “Do Not” Done?

Sheril Perry, and Christina Lawand


Facilitators and barriers to safe emergency department transitions for community dwelling older people with dementia and their caregivers: A social ecological study

Belinda Parke, Kathleen F. Hunter, Laurel A. Strain, Patricia Beryl Marck, Earle H. Waugh, and Ashley J. McClelland

Academic response to improving value and reducing waste: A comprehensive framework for INcreasing QUality In patient-oriented academic clinical REsearch (INQUIRE)

Belinda von Niederhäusern, Gordon H. Guyatt, Matthias Briel, and Christiane Pauli-Magnus

International research collaboration creates higher impact

Sally Wai-Chan


Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies

Erik von Elm, Douglas G Altman, Matthias Egger, Stuart J Pocock, Peter C Gøtzsche, and Jan P Vandenbroucke

A three perspective study of the sense of home of nursing home residents: the views of residents, care professionals and relatives

J. van Hoof, H. Verbeek, B. M. Janssen, A. Eijkelenboom, S. L. Molony, E. Felix, K. A. Nieboer, E. L. M. Zwerts-Verhelst, J. J. W. M. Sijstermans, and E. J. M. Wouters

Backs to the future? Reflections on women, ageing and nursing

Miriam Bernard


“I Didn’t Even Make My Bed”: Hospital Relocations and Resident Adjustment in Long-Term Care Over Time

Tamara Sussman, and Brittany Orav-Lakaski

Nursing homes grapple with sick residents, insufficient budgets

Zak Vescera

Analytical Methods for a Learning Health System: 1. Framing the Research Question

Michael Stoto, Michael Oakes, Elizabeth Stuart, Lucy Savitz, Elisa L. Priest, Jelena Zurovac


My Aged Care and a shocking tale of neglect

Kate McDonald


An Introduction to Quality Assurance in Health Care

Avedis Donabedian

Influence of organizational context on nursing home staff burnout: A cross-sectional survey of care aides in Western Canada

Chamberlain, Gruneir, Hoben, Squires, Cummings, and Estabrooks

Undergraduate Nursing Students’ Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Aging: Comparison of Context-Based Learning and a Traditional Program

Beverly Williams, Marjorie C. Anderson, and Rene Day


The Personhood in Dementia Questionnaire (PDQ): establishing an association between beliefs about personhood and health providers’ approaches to person-centred care

Hunter PV, Hadjistavropoulos T, Smythe WE, Malloy DC, Kaasalainen S, and Williams J.

Gargon – The COMET (Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials) Initiative

Elizabeth Gargon

Educational strategies to promote professional nursing in long-term care. An integrative review.

Jodie R. Fox


MDS Cognitive Performance  Scale

John N. Morris, Brant E. Fries, David R. Mehr, Catherine Hawes, Charles Phillips, Vincent Mor, and Lewis A. Lipsitz

Global Collaboration in Acute Care Clinical Research: Opportunities, Challenges, and Needs

Marshall JC

Decision to transfer to hospital from the residential aged care setting: a systematic review of qualitative evidence exploring residential aged care staff experiences

Bridget Laging, Michael Bauer, Rosemary Ford, and Rhonda Nay


Keeping Long-Term Care Patients Out of Hospital During Acute Medical Illness: Proposal for Common Elements of an Integrated Healthcare Delivery System for Long-Term Care

Michelle N. Grinman, Tracey Human, Mary Jane Shankel, Aynsley Young, Joe Pedulla, Anita Roopani, and Vivian Ewa

Learning, support and communication for staff in care homes: outcomes of reflective debriefing groups in two care homes to enhance end‐of‐life care

Jo Hockley


Page last updated April 14, 2020